VirtualBox is a powerful free tool by Oracle for running a virtual operating system on your computer. In this tutorial learn how to install VirtualBox on Ubuntu and other Debian-based Linux distributions.
- A user account with sudo privileges
- A terminal window (Ctrl-Alt-T)
Option 1: Install VirtualBox from Ubuntu Repositories
The easiest way to install VirtualBox is by using the official Ubuntu repositories.
1. Open a terminal, and enter the following:
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install virtualbox
2. Next, install the VirtualBox Extension Pack:
sudo apt-get install virtualbox—ext–pack
The Extension Pack enhances VirtualBox by adding USB 2.0 and 3.0 support, remote desktop, and encryption.
Option 2: Installing VirtualBox from Oracle’s Repositories
Often the default repositories do not have the latest versions of the software. They may work for test environments, but some users need the latest security or functionality patches. This process is more in-depth but installs the most recent version of VirtualBox on Ubuntu.
Install Supporting software
software-properties-common package is required to run Virtualbox on Ubuntu. It allows you to add new software repositories.
Enter the following into a terminal window:
sudo apt-get install software–properties–common
Install GPG keys
GPG keys allow you to verify and communicate with the VirtualBox repository.
To download and install GPG keys, use the commands:
wget –q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox_2016.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add -
wget -q https://www.virtualbox.org/download/oracle_vbox.asc -O- | sudo apt-key add –
Add VirtualBox Repository to Ubuntu
To add the VirtualBox repository, enter the command :
sudo add-apt-repository "deb http://download.virtualbox.org/virtualbox/debian bionic contrib"
Note: Bionic Beaver is the codename for Ubuntu 18.04. For other versions, you can replace bionic with the codename for that version of Ubuntu. Find your ubuntu version here.
Install Latest Version of VirtualBox
1. Start by updating the package lists:
sudo apt-get update
2. To Install VirtualBox 6.0 on Ubuntu, use the command:
sudo apt-get install virtualbox–6.0
At the time of writing this article, the latest VirtualBox version is 6.0.8. It was designed for 64-bit operating systems. If you’re running a 32-bit OS, you should use VirtualBox 5.2 instead.
To install VirtualBox 5.2, enter the following:
sudo apt-get install virtualbox–5.2
Install VirtualBox Extension Pack
The VirtualBox Extension Pack enhances the functionality of your virtual machines. It adds additional tools like USB 2.0 and 3.0, Remote Desktop, and encryption.
1. Enter the following:
2. Import the Extension Pack:
sudo VBoxManage extpack install Oracle_VM_VirtualBox_Extension_Pack-6.0.8.vbox-extpack
Confirm the installation, then allow the process to complete.
Note: The Extension Pack corresponds to the version of VirtualBox. If you’re working with VirtualBox 5.2, please see the Version 5.2 downloads page for the Extension Pack.
1. Launch the VirtualBox interface by entering the following:
2. After VirtualBox launches, a graphic interface will load. Use the Add or New button to create a new virtual machine. A dialog will open. Select the operating system and version you’d like to create, then click Next.
3. The dialog will offer you several options for the virtual machine. This is where you allocate memory, hard drive, and other resources to the virtual machine. Use default options if you are unsure about customizing this,
4. Once you finish, a new virtual machine is available in the left column. Select it, and click the green arrow Start button. A new window will open and boot up the virtual machine.
Note: If you need to run a virtual machine from a command line, you can install Vagrant to manage virtual machines from the terminal.
In this tutorial, we covered two methods of installing VirtualBox on Ubuntu. You should now have a working VirtualBox application on your system. For additional information on VirtualBox, visit the VirtualBox Wiki.